The European Bank for Reconstruction & Development (EBRD), is joining international efforts to tackle the refugee crisis caused by the civil war in Syria with a financing package that could be worth €900 million to support private sector and infrastructure projects in some of the worst affected countries.
Among the countries where the EBRD invests, Turkey currently houses more than 2 million refugees from Syria alone, while Jordan has an estimated 1.4 million people who have fled their homes.
Speaking at a conference in London this week, EBRD President Sir Suma Chakrabarti said the Bank was building a pipeline of infrastructure and private sector investment projects in Turkey and Jordan to support refugee-hosting communities.
The EBRD would be able to finance up to €500 million in new transactions subject to mobilising an additional €400 million in grants, the President said. “In order to contribute to the mobilisation of grant funding, management will propose to shareholders an allocation from the Bank’s net income of around €100 million over a period of three years, from 2016 to 2018, subject to appropriate governance rules and to the Bank’s continuing profitability. Management will propose to shareholders an initial allocation of €35 million in 2016,” he added.
The EBRD is already an important investor in these countries. The Bank invested €1.9 billion in Turkey in 2015 and plans to continue providing a high level of finance. Investments have grown strongly in the southern and eastern Mediterranean region, which includes Jordan, and exceeded €1.4 billion last year. The Bank is working towards becoming operational in Lebanon later this year, subject to a decision by shareholders.
One day ahead of the Supporting Syria and the Region conference 2016 in London on 4 February, the EBRD was staging a high-level round of discussions aimed at attracting private sector engagement to help solve the challenges of the refugee crisis.
Speaking ahead of the EBRD conference, Enabling the Private Sector to Support Refugee-Hosting Communities, President Chakrabarti said, “This is a serious crisis and failure to address the issue will only make matters worse. We must act now.”
Key speakers at the conference included Imad Fakhoury, Minister of Planning and International Cooperation of Jordan, Muhammed Murtaza Yetiş, Chief Advisor to Turkey’s Prime Minister and responsible for Refugees and Humanitarian Aid, and Elias Bou-Saab, Minister of Education of Lebanon, who were due to present their approaches to engaging with the private sector as part of their national refugee integration policies.
The conference set out to assess opportunities and obstacles for the employment of refugees, including the availability of legal work permits. The prevalence of informal employment across a variety of sectors.
Participants looked at small business initiatives for refugees and their host communities, including ways to enhance access to financial services and to finance, as well as facilitating access to livelihoods through skills mapping and skills verification and private-sector apprenticeships.
The EBRD strategy for responding to the refugee crisis aims to address infrastructure challenges in affected countries, support small business initiatives and seek to offer employment opportunities, especially to the young. The bank’s first project in this context is a $14 million loan to upgrade the strained infrastructure for wastewater in Jordan. Support for rehabilitation and upgrade of infrastructure, and improvements in public services for water, wastewater, solid waste and urban transport, are priorities for Jordan as the country is under pressure from the sharply increased numbers of users.