THE MIDDLE EAST – 40 YEARS AGO

The 1974 Arab League summit was a meeting of Arab leaders held in Rabat, Morocco in 1974. Leaders of 20 Arab countries were present, including King Hussein of Jordan and Anwar Sadat of Egypt, together with of the PLO leader Yasser Arafat. A unanimous resolution was passed which, for the first time, declared the PLO to be the “sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people.”

In January 1974, Henry Kissinger, the US National Security advisor, helped negotiate the first Egyptian-Israeli disengagement agreement in eight days; in May, he arranged a Syrian-Israeli disengagement after a month of intense negotiations. The Agreement on disengagement was the agreement between Israel and Syria that was signed on 31 May 1974, which officially ended the Yom Kippur War and the subsequent attrition period on the Syrian front. This Agreement was the final territorial agreement signed with Syria, as it set the border with Israel and other Syrian- military related arrangements.

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